In Grade 10, students start with a refresher on shop safety and hand-tool use. Major areas covered include engine mechanical systems, vehicle electrical and electronic systems and brake systems. Students receive instruction in operation and then practice diagnosis and repair with general electrical, battery, starting and charging systems. The hydraulic system, Drum and Disc Brakes systems design, power assist units, and Anti-lock Brakes systems (ABS) and traction control systems are covered. Specific applications and repairs are discussed, explored and practiced. Students continue to receive instruction in safety requirements and demonstrate sound safety practices. Technology-related mathematics, reading, writing, vocabulary, blueprint reading and science are integrated throughout the curriculum.